Appendix

Appendix № 10. Glossary and List of Abbreviations

Highly-enriched uranium — uranium containing isotope uranium-235 equal to or more than 20% by mass

Uranium hexafluoride — a chemical composition of uranium which may exist in gaseous form in certain conditions. It is used as source material for uranium enrichment

Sievert — (Sievert, Sv) — the SI unit of equivalent and effective irradiation dose named after Sievert, a Swedish scientist

Conversion — a chemical conversion process of U308 into UF6

Low-enriched uranium — uranium containing isotope uranium-235 less than 20% by mass

Enrichment — a) content of particular isotope atoms in the mixture of the same element's isotopes if that content exceeds the natural level thereof (expressed in percent); b) the process whereby the content of a particular isotope in a mixture of isotopes is increased

Uranium ore processing — a set of initial uranium minerals treatment processes with a view to separating uranium from other minerals in the ore. The composition of the minerals is not changed. They are only separated mechanically and the ore concentrate is produced

Enriched uranium — uranium where U-235 isotope content (compared to that of U-238) was increased above the natural level (0.7%). Reactor grade uranium is generally enriched to approximately 3.5% of U-235, whereas U-235 content in the weapon grade uranium exceeds 90%

HEU-LEU Agreement — Russian-US Intergovernmental Agreement On the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted from Nuclear Weapons dated February 18, 1992

Nuclear fuel cycle — a set of manufacturing processes ensuring operations of nuclear reactors, from uranium production to radioactive waste disposal

CIF — Cost, Insurance and Freight (... named port of destination) — Terms of delivery including cost, insurance and freight to the port of destination. The term "Cost, Insurance and Freight" means that the seller delivers when the goods pass the ship's rail in the port of shipment. The seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named port of destination but the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time of delivery, are transferred from the seller to the buyer

DDP — Delivered, Duty Paid. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the named place in the buyer's country. Prior to that all costs and risks in delivering the goods (duties, taxes, etc.), responsibility for loss or damage of the goods, and customs duties and other formalities, are borne by the seller

DDU — Delivered Duty Unpaid. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the named place in the buyer's country. Prior to that all costs and risks in delivering the goods (duties, taxes, etc.), responsibility for loss or damage of the goods, with the exception of customs duties and other formalities at import, are borne by the seller

DES — Delivered ex ship. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the buyer ex ship at the named port of destination, without import customs clearance of the goods

ExW — Ex Works. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's duties and responsibility cease upon making the goods available at his premises or the warehouse to the buyer. The seller is not responsible for loading the goods onto the vehicle and customs clearance of the goods for export

FCA — Free carrier. Terms of delivery whereby the seller hands over the goods, cleared for export, into the custody of the carrier named by the buyer at the named place. Notably, the selection of the delivery place determines the loading and unloading obligations. If the delivery takes place at the seller's premises, the seller is responsible for the dispatch. If the seller makes the goods available at some other place, the seller is not responsible for the dispatch

FOB — Free on board. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases at ship's rail at the named port of dispatch. It means that thereafter the buyer bears cost and risk of loss or damage. FOB terms imply that the seller must clear the goods for export. These terms apply only to transportation by sea or inland waters

GRI — Global Reporting Initiative

MBA — Master of business Administration

VaR — Value at Risk

FMEA — Failure Mode and Effects Analysis

АPR — Asia-Pacific region

NPP — nuclear power station

HEU — highly-enriched uranium

VMI — voluntary medical insurance

SWU — separative work unit

EU-15 — European Union consisting of 15 countries

CJSC "UEC" — Russian-Kazakh Closed Joint Stock Company "Uranium Enrichment Center"

CATE — Closed Administrative-Territorial Entities

IT — information technologies

KMP — Kovrov Machine Plant

KPI  — key performance indicators

CRMS — Corporate risk management system

IAEA — International Atomic Energy Agency

MFA — Ministry of Foreign Affairs

IFRS — International financial management system

NRNU MEPhI  — National Research Nuclear University Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute

LEU — low-enriched uranium

OJSC "AECC" — Open Joint-Stock Company "Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Complex"

OJSC "VNIIEF"  — Open Joint Stock Company "Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics"

OJSC "EC "RGC"  — Open Joint Stock Company "Engineering Center" Russian Gas Centrifuge"

OJSC "IUEC" — Open Joint Stock Company "International Uranium Enrichment Center"

OJSC "SCC" — Open Joint Stock Company "Siberian Chemical Complex"

OJSC "UEIP" — Open Joint Stock Company "Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant"

OJSC "ChMP"  — Open Joint Stock Company "Chepetsk Mechanical Plant"

DUH6 — depleted uranium hexafluoride

EUP — enriched uranium product

LEU FM — low-enriched uranium feed material

JSC "PA "ECP" — Joint Stock Company "Production Association "Electrochemical Plant"

Rostekhnadzor — Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Control

RAS — Russian accounting standards

MUCTR — D. Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia

QMS — quality management system

RSA — Russian suspension agreement

UNIESE of Russia — Union of Nuclear Industry, Energy and Science Employers of Russia

OSMS — Occupational safety management system

EMS — environmental management system

TLC — transportation and logistics complex

PSP — protective shipping packages

FSUE — Federal State-Owned Unitary Enterprise

FCSM — Federal Commission for Securities Market

FSTEC  — Federal Technical and Export Control Service

FCS — Federal Customs Service

FEB — financial and economic block

CASOR — Center for Analysis of Strategic Opportunities and Risks

NM — nuclear materials

NRS — nuclear and radiation safety

NFC — nuclear fuel cycle

NEC — nuclear energy complex