Appendix № 10. Glossary and List of Abbreviations
Highly-enriched uranium — uranium containing isotope uranium-235 equal to or more than 20% by mass
Uranium hexafluoride — a chemical composition of uranium which may exist in gaseous form in certain conditions. It is used as source material for uranium enrichment
Sievert — (Sievert, Sv) — the SI unit of equivalent and effective irradiation dose named after Sievert, a Swedish scientist
Conversion — a chemical conversion process of U308 into UF6
Low-enriched uranium — uranium containing isotope uranium-235 less than 20% by mass
Enrichment — a) content of particular isotope atoms in the mixture of the same element's isotopes if that content exceeds the natural level thereof (expressed in percent); b) the process whereby the content of a particular isotope in a mixture of isotopes is increased
Uranium ore processing — a set of initial uranium minerals treatment processes with a view to separating uranium from other minerals in the ore. The composition of the minerals is not changed. They are only separated mechanically and the ore concentrate is produced
Enriched uranium — uranium where U-235 isotope content (compared to that of U-238) was increased above the natural level (0.7%). Reactor grade uranium is generally enriched to approximately 3.5% of U-235, whereas
HEU-LEU Agreement — Russian-US Intergovernmental Agreement On the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted from Nuclear Weapons dated February 18, 1992
Nuclear fuel cycle — a set of manufacturing processes ensuring operations of nuclear reactors, from uranium production to radioactive waste disposal
CIF — Cost, Insurance and Freight (... named port of destination) — Terms of delivery including cost, insurance and freight to the port of destination.
DDP — Delivered, Duty Paid. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the named place in the buyer's country. Prior to that all costs and risks in delivering the goods (duties, taxes, etc.), responsibility for loss or damage of the goods, and customs duties and other formalities, are borne by the seller
DDU — Delivered Duty Unpaid. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the named place in the buyer's country. Prior to that all costs and risks in delivering the goods (duties, taxes, etc.), responsibility for loss or damage of the goods, with the exception of customs duties and other formalities at import, are borne by the seller
DES — Delivered ex ship. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases upon delivery of the goods to the buyer ex ship at the named port of destination, without import customs clearance of the goods
ExW — Ex Works. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's duties and responsibility cease upon making the goods available at his premises or the warehouse to the buyer. The seller is not responsible for loading the goods onto the vehicle and customs clearance of the goods for export
FCA — Free carrier. Terms of delivery whereby the seller hands over the goods, cleared for export, into the custody of the carrier named by the buyer at the named place. Notably, the selection of the delivery place determines the loading and unloading obligations. If the delivery takes place at the seller's premises, the seller is responsible for the dispatch. If the seller makes the goods available at some other place, the seller is not responsible for the dispatch
FOB — Free on board. Terms of delivery whereby the seller's responsibility ceases at ship's rail at the named port of dispatch. It means that thereafter the buyer bears cost and risk of loss or damage. FOB terms imply that the seller must clear the goods for export. These terms apply only to transportation by sea or inland waters
GRI — Global Reporting Initiative
MBA — Master of business Administration
VaR — Value at Risk
FMEA — Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
АPR — Asia-Pacific region
NPP — nuclear power station
HEU — highly-enriched uranium
VMI — voluntary medical insurance
SWU — separative work unit
EU-15 — European Union consisting of 15 countries
CJSC "UEC" — Russian-Kazakh Closed Joint Stock Company "Uranium Enrichment Center"
CATE — Closed Administrative-Territorial Entities
IT — information technologies
KMP — Kovrov Machine Plant
KPI — key performance indicators
CRMS — Corporate risk management system
IAEA — International Atomic Energy Agency
MFA — Ministry of Foreign Affairs
IFRS — International financial management system
NRNU MEPhI — National Research Nuclear University Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute
LEU — low-enriched uranium
OJSC "AECC" — Open Joint-Stock Company "Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Complex"
OJSC "VNIIEF" — Open Joint Stock Company "Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics"
OJSC "EC "RGC" — Open Joint Stock Company "Engineering Center" Russian Gas Centrifuge"
OJSC "IUEC" — Open Joint Stock Company "International Uranium Enrichment Center"
OJSC "SCC" — Open Joint Stock Company "Siberian Chemical Complex"
OJSC "UEIP" — Open Joint Stock Company "Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant"
OJSC "ChMP" — Open Joint Stock Company "Chepetsk Mechanical Plant"
DUH6 — depleted uranium hexafluoride
EUP — enriched uranium product
LEU FM — low-enriched uranium feed material
JSC "PA "ECP" — Joint Stock Company "Production Association "Electrochemical Plant"
Rostekhnadzor — Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Control
RAS — Russian accounting standards
MUCTR — D. Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia
QMS — quality management system
RSA — Russian suspension agreement
UNIESE of Russia — Union of Nuclear Industry, Energy and Science Employers of Russia
OSMS — Occupational safety management system
EMS — environmental management system
TLC — transportation and logistics complex
PSP — protective shipping packages
FSUE — Federal State-Owned Unitary Enterprise
FCSM — Federal Commission for Securities Market
FSTEC — Federal Technical and Export Control Service
FCS — Federal Customs Service
FEB — financial and economic block
CASOR — Center for Analysis of Strategic Opportunities and Risks
NM — nuclear materials
NRS — nuclear and radiation safety
NFC — nuclear fuel cycle
NEC — nuclear energy complex